The portents continue, with 2023 on track to become the hottest year in history according to Copernicus, Europe’s Climate Change Service.
Releasing its latest analysis to coincide with the COP28 climate summit in Dubai, the body said that November was the sixth consecutive month to break records: with an average daily temperature of 14.22 degrees Celsius, exceeding 2020’s record by 0.32 degrees.
“There have been new records for six months in a row and two seasons. This extraordinary November means that 2023 will be the hottest year since records began,” said Samantha Burgess, deputy director of the service.
Additionally, between January and November, the average temperature was 1.46 degrees above averages recorded in the pre-industrial period and 0.13 degrees above 2016’s record, the year that held the record until now, reported the Bonn-based institute.
Copernicus records go back to 1940. United States government calculated records go back to 1850. Scientists using proxies such as ice cores, tree rings and corals have said this is the warmest decade Earth has seen in about 125,000 years, dating back before human civilisation. And the last several months have been the hottest of the last decade.
Scientists say there are two driving forces behind the six-month straight record: one is human-caused climate change from the burning of coal, oil and gas; while the other is the natural El Nino-La Nina cycle.