Aviation chiefs have urged delegates at this week’s COP28 Summit in Dubai to share the burden of the rapid move to sustainable aviation fuel (SAF).
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) has said while it looks forward to governments delivering the supportive policies needed to enable aviation’s decarbonization, as agreed at the Third Conference on Aviation Alternative Fuels (CAAF/3), they also needed to recognise a move to SAF would require effort by all parties.
The organisation was speaking after last week’s CAAF/3 delivered, what it described as critical agreement on:
• A global framework to promote Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) production in all geographies around the world. The aim is that aviation fuel in 2030 is 5% less carbon intensive than fossil fuel used today by the industry.
• Acknowledging that certain States have the capacity to progress as a faster pace, and that others do not.
• Capacity building, a “Finvest Hub”, and voluntary technology transfer, are all among the measures put forward to ensure that all countries can partake in a global SAF market.
• The need for a solution that can foster a global SAF market while enabling airlines to claim the environmental attributes of their SAF purchases against their decarbonization obligations, based on a global and robust SAF accounting framework.
“Governments have understood the critical role of SAF to achieve net zero emissions for aviation by 2050. The CAAF/3 results add a vision on the shorter, 2030, time horizon that is ambitious,” said Willie Walsh, IATA’s Director General. “To that end, the CAAF/3 agreement signals to the world in no uncertain terms the need for policies that enable real progress. There is no time to lose. IATA now expects governments to urgently put the strongest possible policies in place to unlock the full potential of a global SAF market with an exponential increase in production.”
He added this is necessary because airlines’ demand for SAF, in line with their commitment to net zero carbon emissions by 2050, vastly exceeds the availability of SAF today, which is limited to 0.2% of airlines’ jet fuel consumption in 2023.
The IATA added airlines have sent major demand signals to the SAF production market:
• All SAF produced in 2022 was bought, at an additional cost to the industry of around US $500 million, as SAF is priced at a significant premium over the price of jet fuel.
• There are increasing examples of airlines vertically integrating into the supply chain, with some committing equity and risk capital into SAF projects.
• Airlines have entered into forward purchase agreements for SAF worth around a total of $45 billion, well in excess of today’s SAF availability.
“We need to see governments acting on the CAAF/3 declaration with policies that expand SAF production in all its shapes and forms. Despite unequivocal demand signals, the SAF production market is not developing fast enough. We need SAF everywhere in the world, and to that end, the right supportive policies – policies that can stimulate production, promote competition, foster innovation, and attract financing – must be put in place today,” added Walsh.
As such the Association said it was calling on governments to adopt policies to maximize SAF production globally by, enabling producers to take fullest advantage of local feedstock availability, enacting positive, not punitive, policies, and balancing existing and future potential policy support across different energy sources and preferably strive to favour renewable energies and ensure SAFs’ fair share of the latter,
“We need to recognize that the road to success in to transform aviation and achieve reaching net zero carbon emissions is a collective responsibility,” It added.
Marie Owens Thomsen, IATA’s senior vice president sustainability and chief economist explained: “The goal is maximizing SAF production everywhere with positive, not punitive, policy measures. Airlines are ready with open arms to catch the resulting SAF production. While airlines are at the sharp end of decarbonisation, they cannot bear the burden alone.
“CAAF/3 has again made it clear that aviation’s decarbonisation will require the wholehearted and united efforts of the entire value chain and governments as we all focus on net zero by 2050. To be perfectly clear, where government money leads, private money will follow. It is absolutely essential that governments play their part, and we will certainly play ours.”